See Article History Alternative Title: Wildernessand The Iceman Cometh His mother, Ella, accompanied her husband back and forth across the country, settling down only briefly for the birth of her first son, James, Jr.
His masterpiece, Long Day's Journey into Night produced posthumouslyis at the apex of a long string of great plays, including Beyond the HorizonAnna ChristieStrange InterludeAh!
Wildernessand The Iceman Cometh Early life O'Neill was born into the theatre.
His mother, Ella, accompanied her husband back and forth across the country, settling down only briefly for the birth of her first son, James, Jr. Eugene, who was born in a hotel, spent his early childhood in hotel rooms, on trains, and backstage.
Although he later deplored the nightmare insecurity of his early years and blamed his father for the difficult, rough-and-tumble life the family led--a life that resulted in his mother's drug addiction--Eugene had the theatre in his blood. He was also, as a child, steeped in the peasant Irish Catholicism of his father and the more genteel, mystical piety of his mother, two influences, often in dramatic conflict, which account for the high sense of drama and the struggle with God and religion that distinguish O'Neill's plays.
O'Neill was educated at boarding schools--Mt. His summers were spent at the family's only permanent home, a modest house overlooking the Thames River in New London, Conn.
He attended Princeton University for one yearafter which he left school to begin what he later regarded as his real education in "life experience. He shipped to sea, lived a derelict's existence on the waterfronts of Buenos Aires, Liverpool, and New York City, submerged himself in alcohol, and attempted suicide.
Recovering briefly at the age of 24, he held a job for a few months as a reporter and contributor to the poetry column of the New London Telegraph but soon came down with tuberculosis. Entry into theatre O'Neill's first efforts were awkward melodramas, but they were about people and subjects--prostitutes, derelicts, lonely sailors, God's injustice to man--that had, up to that time, been in the province of serious novels and were not considered fit subjects for presentation on the American stage.
A theatre critic persuaded his father to send him to Harvard to study with George Pierce Baker in his famous playwriting course. Although what O'Neill produced during that year owed little to Baker's academic instruction, the chance to work steadily at writing set him firmly on his chosen path.
O'Neill's first appearance as a playwright came in the summer ofin the quiet fishing village of Provincetown, Mass. In their tiny, ramshackle playhouse on a wharf, they produced his one-act sea play Bound East for Cardiff. The talent inherent in the play was immediately evident to the group, which that fall formed the Playwrights' Theater in Greenwich Village.
Their first bill, on Nov. Although he was only one of several writers whose plays were produced by the Playwrights' Theater, his contribution within the next few years made the group's reputation.
Between andthe group produced all of O'Neill's one-act sea plays, along with a number of his lesser efforts.
By the time his first full-length play, Beyond the Horizon, was produced on Broadway, Feb. Beyond the Horizon impressed the critics with its tragic realism, won for O'Neill the first of four Pulitzer prizes in drama--others were for Anna Christie, Strange Interlude, and Long Day's Journey into Night--and brought him to the attention of a wider theatre public.
For the next 20 years his reputation grew steadily, both in the United States and abroad; after Shakespeare and Shaw, O'Neill became the most widely translated and produced dramatist. Period of the major works O'Neill's capacity for and commitment to work were staggering. Between and he completed 20 long plays--several of them double and triple length--and a number of shorter ones.
He wrote and rewrote many of his manuscripts half a dozen times before he was satisfied, and he filled shelves of notebooks with research notes, outlines, play ideas, and other memoranda.
His most-distinguished short plays include the four early sea plays, Bound East for Cardiff, In the Zone, The Long Voyage Home, and The Moon of the Caribbees, which were written between and and produced in under the overall title S.
Glencairn; The Emperor Jones about the disintegration of a Pullman porter turned tropical-island dictator ; and The Hairy Ape about the disintegration of a displaced steamship coal stoker. O'Neill's plays were written from an intensely personal point of view, deriving directly from the scarring effects of his family's tragic relationships--his mother and father, who loved and tormented each other; his older brother, who loved and corrupted him and died of alcoholism in middle age; and O'Neill himself, caught and torn between love for and rage at all three.
Among his most-celebrated long plays is Anna Christie, perhaps the classic American example of the ancient "harlot with a heart of gold" theme; it became an instant popular success.
O'Neill's serious, almost solemn treatment of the struggle of a poor Swedish-American girl to live down her early, enforced life of prostitution and to find happiness with a likable but unimaginative young sailor is his least-complicated tragedy. He himself disliked it from the moment he finished it, for, in his words, it had been "too easy.
Drawing on Greek themes of incest, infanticide, and fateful retribution, he framed his story in the context of his own family's conflicts. This story of a lustful father, a weak son, and an adulterous wife who murders her infant son was told with a fine disregard for the conventions of the contemporary Broadway theatre.Area and out-of-town theater groups are embarking on a wide-ranging measure of the artistry of the playwright Eugene O’Neill, whose work forms the backbone of American .
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill was born on October 16, , in a New York City hotel. He was the youngest of the three children of James O'Neill, an outstanding romantic actor, and Ella Quinlan O'Neill. Eugene had two brothers, James, Jr. (born ), and Edmund (born ). Eugene O'Neill was an American playwright and Nobel Laureate in Literature.
His autobiographic masterpiece, A Long Day's Journey Into Night is widely regarded as one of the greatest American plays of all time. O’Neill was born in New York City in He had a challenging childhood and this was reflected in the tragic nature of his plays.
A major new biography of the Nobel Prize–winning playwright whose brilliantly original plays revolutionized American theater Finalist for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize This extraordinary new biography fully captures the intimacies of Eugene O’Neill’s tumultuous life and the profound impact of his work on American drama.
Eugene O'Neill Biography Eugene Gladstone O'Neill was a renowned American playwright. This biography of Eugene O'Neill provides detailed information about his childhood, life, writing career, achievements and timeline.
Eugene O'Neill: Eugene O’Neill, foremost American dramatist and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in His masterpiece, Long Day’s Journey into Night (produced posthumously ), is at the apex of a long string of great plays, including Beyond the Horizon (), Anna Christie (), Strange Interlude.